There could be a lot of confusion and misconception about carrying of liquid 
luggage. Understanding exactly what is allowed into luggage and just how much can be the difference between a smooth ride through security and having to depart with your beloved (and expensive) toiletries.
Being that person who holds up the queue while a bad-tempered security official and 100 agitated travelers glare at you is no fun. And it is certainly no fun having to toss out bottles of Absinthe because you didn’t realize there were restrictions on how much high-volume alcohol can be put into checked luggage.
Fortunately, this guide to liquids in luggage will answer all your questions so you will never have to experience that kind of emotional trauma.

How much liquid is allowed in hand luggage?

Travelers are only allowed to bring small quantities of liquids in individual containers with a maximum capacity of 100 ml each. These containers need to be packed in a durable, transparent, resealable plastic bag (e.g. a Ziploc freezer bag) that is no more than 20cm x 20cm in size and no more than 1 liter in capacity.
A simple way to remember this is the 3-1-1 rule:
3 – (3 ounces, or in this case, 100 milliliters)
1 – (one plastic bag with a capacity of 1 liter)
1 – (one bag per passenger)
Note: You can bring as many small containers as you want as long as they fit into the resealable plastic

Is there a limit to the amount of liquids in checked luggage?

Apart from high-volume alcohol, there is no limit to the amount of liquids that are allowed in checked luggage. However, you will need to take certain precautions.
  • Ensure they are not one of the prohibited items. See the link below for a comprehensive list of restricted items.
  • The pressure in an aircraft can cause bottles to leak or pop. You should ensure items are properly sealed or repackaged in a leak-proof container.

What is considered liquid?

Any substance with a fluid, free-flowing or ‘gooey’ consistency is considered liquid. This applies to items such as aerosols, creams, pastes, and gels.
In the words of Airports Company South Africa, “LAG stands for Liquids, Aerosols and Gels. If you can POUR it, PUMP it, SQUEEZE it, SPREAD it, SMEAR it, SPRAY it or SPILL it, it is considered a LAG.”
Examples of liquids, aerosols, and gels include:
Sauces (e.g. salsa, gravy etc.)
Salad dressing
Soft drinks
Bottled water
Canned food with high liquid content (e.g.  sardines, tuna etc.)
Liquor (e.g. wine, beer etc.)
Sunscreen spray
Shaving cream
Hairstyling gels
Peanut butter
Cheese spread
Soft cheese (e.g. brie, camembert etc.)
Shaving gel
Gel-filled tablets (e.g. fish oil tablets)

What items are exempt?

Certain items can exceed 100ml and do not have to be packed into a sealed bag.
Items that are exempt from this rule include:
  • Breast milk, baby formula, baby food, and baby juice
  • Prescription and over-the-counter medications
  • Liquids or liquid nutrition for people with disabilities or medical conditions (note: you may be required to prove the necessity and authenticity of these items)
  • Frozen items (if they’re frozen solid)
  • Cosmetic or medical items with saline or liquid
Note: These items will need to be declared for inspection at the security checkpoint. You may also need to provide a doctor’s letter for certain medications

Can you put alcohol in luggage?

Yes, but there are certain limitations. Alcohol in carry-on luggage is subject to the 3-1-1 rule, while the amount of alcohol you can pack in checked luggage depends on three things:
  • It must be unopened or packaged in a seal able bottle.
  • There are no restrictions on liquor with an alcohol content of less than 24% (e.g. beer and wine)
  • Liquor with an alcohol content of between 24% and 70% is restricted to 5 liters per passenger
Remember, luggage is tossed onto conveyor belts, trucks, and planes, so be careful when putting glass bottles in your luggage.
Note: Every country has its own rules regarding alcohol. The amount of liquor you are allowed to pack can vary from country to country and from airline to airline.

What about duty-free items?

The rules on duty-free items can be a bit more complicated. If you plan to take things home with you, you will need to consider connecting flights and airline policies regarding duty-free items and liquids in luggage.
These items can generally be taken through checkpoints if they are sealed in the  tamper-evident bag that is provided at the time of purchase (be sure to ask for one of these). If the seal is broken or any items are removed they may be subject to liquid restrictions.
However, this is not the case with all countries (e.g. Japan does not accept the tamper-evident bag so items will need to be bought when you arrive in the country).
Although most international destinations accept duty-free items that are sealed and have proof of purchase, it is better to wait until the last leg of your journey to buy duty-free items to avoid any complications.
It is advisable to contact the airline you will be travelling with to find out about regulations in the countries you will be transiting through.
Tip: If you buy duty-free items while transiting through another country and have to claim your luggage, pack these items into your checked luggage before rechecking it for your connecting flight.

Some handy tips

  • These resealable bags will need to go through the x-ray machine separately. Ensure they are packed on top of your clothing to avoid having to unpack your luggage at the airport.
  • Buy a travel kit or travel containers and repackage liquid toiletries. These containers usually come in 100 ml sizes and are designed to fit neatly together.
  • Buy travel-sized items (e.g. mouthwash, toothpaste, shampoo etc.)
  • Go for two-in-one items such as shampoo and conditioner combos to save space.
  •  Body wash for a bar of soap (this can also be cut into small cubes and wrapped in cling wrap for added convenience).
Basically, when it comes to travelling with liquids there are several things to remember:
  • The 3-1-1 rule of liquids in luggage.
  • Only take what you need. Everything else can be bought at your destination.
  • Most things can be purchased in small amounts or repackaged.
  • Check the policies of your chosen airline and the airports you will be transiting through.
  • Think ahead in terms of packing and purchasing duty-free products and you can save yourself a whole lot of time and trouble.


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